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1- Classmate discussion Discussion 1 Week 2 – Looking From a Theoretic Nursing and Health Essay Help

1- Classmate discussion Discussion 1 Week 2 – Looking From a Theoretical Lens Perspective Analyzing qualitative research from a theoretical lens enables researchers to depend on drawn theories derived from social sciences and humanities as a guide to illuminate research process findings (Ravitch & Carl, 2016). Theories provide a better understanding of complex issues that are unexplainable in regards to society, individuals behaviors, or to find out how organizations operate.

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Qualitative research is a systematic scientific inquiry which seeks to build a holistic, largely narrative, description to inform the researchers understanding of a social or cultural phenomenon (Astalin, 2013, p. 118). Therefore, researchers see issues or challenges through different lenses using theories. Being able to focus on various aspects of issues using data and the ability to establish a framework for conducting an analysis help researchers answer a research question that is complicated or problems that may be rectified and create a positive social change in society (Astalin, 2013; Ravitch & Carl, 2016). In society, there is no way to understand why things happen in the world. Therefore, a lens or different perspective can be applied to the issue. For example, to conduct instructors interactions with physically challenged students or in an environment with diverse cultures, theories can be implemented for students with various learning environments. The phenomenological approach is feasible to gather data for instructors instructing students with disabilities by collecting data through interviews that are semi-structured or unstructured opinion polls. Ethnography is a branch of anthropology that provides scientific description of individual human societies (Astalin, p. 120) and can be used to research instructors ability to teach diverse cultures. For example, a researcher conducts in-depth interviews to analyze and understand how instructors convey information to all individuals with or without disabilities for undergraduate level coursework (i.e., algebra or science) and how they ensure all students understand material given for the course through their personal experiences of face-to-face or hybrid instructional method. According to researchers, a conceptual framework for comparing the social value creation of different and unrelated interventions that serve different needs of different treatment groups in various socioeconomic and institutional contexts will enable a researcher to provide data relevant for understanding teaching strategies and constructs (Kroeger & Weber, 2015, p. 43). The goal is to understand individuals behavior, understand cultural differences, or identify some phenomena by exploring how people think or understand concepts be measuring themes (Ravitch & Carl, 2016). However, theoretical concepts will enable the researcher to develop a foundation for a qualitative research study. References Astalin, P. K. (2013). Qualitative research designs: A conceptual framework. Retrieved from http://indianresearchjournals.com/pdf/IJSSIR/2013/January/13.pdf Kroeger, A., & Weber, C. (2015). Developing a conceptual framework for comparing social value creation. Academy of Management Review,401543-70. doi:10.5465/amr.2012.0344.test Ravitch, S. M., & Carl, N. M. (2016). Qualitative research: Bridging the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2- Classmate discussion RE: Discussion 1 Week 2 The Theoretical Lens Perspective COLLAPSE Top of Form The theoretical framework is the foundation from which all knowledge is constructed for a research study (Grant & Osanloo, (2014). The theoretical framework serves to provide the fundamental basis and structure of the qualitative research proposal, as well as the rationale that supports the overall study, the problem statement, the purpose and significance as well as the research questions. The theoretical framework provides a grounding base, or an anchor for the literature review, and most importantly, the methods and analysis (Grant & Osanloo, (2014). The theoretical framework requires an in-depth analysis and deep dive into related research that both supports the thesis and purpose statement, as well as expose gaps in the established research. As an example of the use of theoretical framework, Wellmer (2014) use a critical theory approach to present research on the topic Critical Theory of Society. According to Wellmer (2014), Critical theory emerged from Karl Marxs critique of the political economy. Critical theory aims to critique society, social structures, and power systems to influence social change. Consequently, critical theory would be a suitable framework for my interest in studying diversity in leadership and its impact on positive social change. Using a critical theory framework provides the opportunity develop an epistemological framework for my doctoral research that investigates the role elements such as politics, economic structures, as well as culture and present day social systems play in the lack of diversity in leadership, and its subsequent impact on society at large. Absent a theoretical framework, it is difficult to establish the vision and direction of a given study. According to Grant and Osanloo(2014), without a theoretical framework, the structure and vision for the study is unclear, much like a house cannot be built and effectively constructed without a blue print. Subsequently, the theoretical framework represents the blueprint a qualitative research proposal. References: Grant, C., & Osanloo, A. (2014). Understanding, selecting, and integrating a theoretical framework in dissertation research: Creating the blueprint for your house. Administrative Issues Journal: Connecting Education, Practice, and Research, 4(2), 1226. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. Wellmer, A. (2014). On Critical Theory. Social Research, 81(3), 705-733. doi:10.1353/sor.2014.0045 Bottom of Form 3- Classmate discussion WK2Discussn1AOnokpise_Summer 2016; Qualitative Reasoning & Analysis (RSCH 8301Z 3) The role of theoretical lens in qualitative research For any research to commence there must be a roadmap detailing the concept of the study. In the light of applying the lens approach, a holistic picture of the research problem is presumed. According to (Ravitch, & Carl, 2016) this roadmap should consist of the type of research to be conducted, the method to be used, and how the research data and interpretation will follow. For example, Stefan Seuring, & Stefan Gold, (2012) when investigating the health-related issues among a population argued that using the theoretical lens. Gave them an insight into what the health challenges was; in addition to the evaluation of past literature which identified the health-related problem they wanted to resolve and the limitations, they found in the course of the study. Additionally, Hammer, et al., (2011) postulated that the use of the theoretical lens in any research work helps to reinforce the conceptualization of the research framework about the question or problem under review. Therefore, it will not be proper to undermine the benefit of utilizing the theoretical lens when conducting qualitative research. In another example, (Roy, et al., 2015) posited that when examining the challenge of overcoming the constraint of imprinting faced by entrepreneurs gave credence to the use of the theoretical lens. The authors argued that adopting the lens concept inspired the use of open-ended questions and interviews to contextualize their objective of making individuals overcome the problem of imprinting challenges often faced by entrepreneurs. Conclusively, the theoretical lens should be deployed first before embarking on any research work. I believe that a researcher must have a conceptual frame which the theoretical lens will help to amplify. Reference Hammer, R. J, Edwards, J.S, Tapinos, E. (2011)Examining the strategy development process through the lens of complex adaptive systems theory; Journal of the Operational Research Society,July 2012, Volume 63, Issue 7, pp 909-919,First online: 21 September 2011; Retrieved from, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1057%2Fjors.2011.97#page-1 Ravitch, S. M., & Carl, N. M. (2016). Qualitative research: Bridging the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.(p.33-63) Roy, Suddaby; Garry D. Bruton, and Steven X. Si (2015) Entrepreneurship through a qualitative lens: Insights on the construction and/or discovery of entrepreneurial opportunity, Journal of Business VenturingVolume 30, Issue 1, January 2015, Pages 110, Retrieved from, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0883902614000895 Stefan Seuring, Stefan Gold, (2012) Conducting contentanalysis based literature reviews in supply chain management, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal , Vol. 17 Iss: 5, pp.544 555, Retrieved from http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/13598541211258609

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