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There is no denying it. It’s tough for an independent toy store to compete against Walmart, Target, Toys “R” Us, and other large retailers (including online giant retailer selling products that entertain children. So how is it that Kazoo Toys, an independent toy store in Denver, Colorado, is thriving? It’s thriving because of two things—the firm has a doggedly determined entrepreneur at the helm and it has a good business plan.
In the early 1990s, Diana Nelson left the corporate world with the intention of spending more time with her two young sons. In 1998, she decided to reenter the workforce, but this time as an entrepreneur. Rather than starting a company from scratch, she set out looking for a business to buy. She came across a toy store named Kazoo & Company. She saw untapped potential in the store and decided to buy it. It wasn’t easy to get the money together to close the deal. To finance the purchase, she cashed out her retirement accounts, put $25,000 on credit cards, borrowed money from her father, and set up a 500,000 guaranteed bank loan. “I gambled everything to buy a toy store,” she says. The actions Nelson took to finance her venture demonstrate the courage that characterizes virtually all entrepreneurs.
From the outset, Nelson had no illusions that owning a toy store would be easy. When she bought Kazoo, independent toy stores were being tattered to pieces by Walmart, Toys “R” Us, and other large retailers. So, she knew that the only way to beat them was to outthink them. In this regard, Nelson saw her challenge as that of designing and then implementing a business plan that would make a small toy store competitive. Here’s how she did it.

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Kazoo’s Business Plan
The essence of Kazoo’s business plan was to not try to be like Walmart or Toys “R” Us. Instead, Nelson set out to build a business that would offer unique products and services to its clientele. The mistake that many small businesses make, in Nelson’s thinking, is that they set themselves up to compete against the chains (e.g., Toys “R” Us) or a big-box stores (Walmart) by trying to duplicate what they do. Instead of falling into that trap, Nelson took Kazoo in a different direction. “We changed our whole merchandise mix to not carry the same product (as the nationwide chains did),” she recalls, and “so price competition isn’t an issue”. As a result of this strategy, Kazoo doesn’t carry Mattel, Crayola, or Fisher-Price. Instead, the store sells unique items like Gotz Dolls from Germany and a wide range of educational toys. The key to making this strategy work, Nelson found, is to build Strong relationships with vendors. To help do this, Nelson invites many of Kazoo’s vendors to demo and test new products in her store. Doing this gives Kazoo first crack at many of the new products that its vendors make. While they are in her store, the vendors also tip their hand from time to time regarding what the big retailers are buying. This gives Nelson and Kazoo a heads-up about what not to buy.
In 1999, Nelson opened a Yahoo! store online. The site sold the same type of toys being sold in the store. Over time, Nelson increased her Internet prowess and now her Kazoo Toys Web site sells many of the same products that are sold in the store, along with additional products that are drop shipped by vendors.

Points of Differentiation
Through all of this, Kazoo has established strong points of differentiation between itself and its much larger competitors, which has been the heart of Kazoo’s business plan from the beginning. Along with carrying different products than its competitors, Kazoo is different from Walmart, Toys “R” Us, and other large toy retailers in the following ways.
1. Kazoo’s store design is unique. While the store itself is still fairly small, it is further broken down into smaller, more intimate departments. “When a particular consumer goes into a Toys “R” Us it has departments, but it’s like a big warehouse,” Nelson explains. “Here, it’s very small. It’s intimate, but it’s also departmentalized, so you actually have a Playmobil department, and you have a Thomas the Tank Engine department.”
2. The company focuses intently on customer service, from free gift wrapping to free parking. So whether it’s a baby crying or a customer who can’t find an item in the store, the company works hard to accommodate its customers in every way possible.
3. The company’s specialty is selling educational, nonviolent toys, for birth to 12-year-old children. In fact, Kazoo’s focus on selling toys that meet this criterion has won it a loyal clientele.
4. The inventory in the store is freshened up frequently, so regular customers see different toys each time they come into the store. “If you think about your regular customer, they don’t want to see the same stuff on the shelf all the time, so we’re always changing our inventory and our mix of what we do,” Nelson said.
Kazoo’s business plan and its sharp execution have paid off. Business is growing, and the company was named the number one toy store in Denver by Denver’s 5280 magazine for 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009. In 2010, Kazoo Toys made the Inc. 500 list of one of the 500 fastest-growing private companies in America.
Challenges Ahead
In spite of how well Kazoo & Company has done, the firm faces multiple challenges. For one, many of the manufacturers of specialty toys, which have been Kazoo’s bread-and-butter since Nelson bought the firm in 1998, are now selling into broader channels. Thus, the toys that at one time only Kazoo and other specialty toy Stores could get their hands on will be popping up in other types of stores. Economic pressures also tend to hit specialty retailers particularly hard. Tough economic times drive more people to Walmart and Target as opposed to specialty stores.
As far as Diana Nelson is concerned, she is very content with her decision to become an entrepreneur and the lifestyle that accompanies that decision as the owner of Kazoo & Company. Commenting on how her young sons fared over the years with her decision to buy a toy store, she said, “Their friends think— how cool are they that their mom has a toy store and a toy business.” How cool indeed!

Question 1 (60 marks, 500 words)
Explain the purpose of a business plan and discuss its elements
Question 2 (40 marks, 600 words)

To what extent do you sense that Diana Nelson understood the dynamics of the toy industry when she took over Kazoo & Company in 1998?
What impact would it have had on the ultimate success of Kazoo if Nelson had spent more time initially focused on the specifics of her business (i.e., store layout, hiring personnel, placing ads in local newspapers, writing press releases, setting up the accounting system, and so on) rather than gaining a complete understanding of the toy industry as part of her work to carefully develop a business plan?

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