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Research the effects of toxic masculinity in society today

The Effects of Toxic Masculinity On the Psychology of Men and Their Use Of Social
Media Sample Paper
Toxic masculinity is a term used to describe harmful and frequently conventional
qualities or features connected with males. Research in the Journal of School of Psychology
offers the following description to define toxic masculinity: “the cluster of socially regressive
[masculine] features that contribute to creating control, the devaluing of women,
homophobia, and careless violence.” (Shepperd 2020). In contemporary civilization,
individuals commonly use toxic masculinity to characterize excessive male qualities that
various cultures have universally embraced or revered.

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Often, men are defined by these old and baseless stereotypes that produce an
unhealthy and inaccurate perception of what it means to be a man in today’s culture. (Johnson
2020). Assuming males to be guardians, breadwinners, or leaders or equating men with
anger, greed, and violence may be harmful and destructive. The concept of toxic or fragile
masculinity comes from the belief that men must behave in a certain way; this brings about
unreasonable cultural demands put on males. However, we are all fallible and have a mix of
female and male characteristics. Therefore, we must look at the psychological effects of
masculinity on men and how the media and society continue to bring it out.
According to research, in 2018, more men than women have died from an opioid
overdose. (Shepperd 2020). There is a huge gender disparity when it comes to suicide deaths.
Men, like women, are susceptible to anxiety, sadness, and mental disease. Men are more
susceptible to utilizing mental health care less and reluctant to seek treatment. Boys and men
in our culture suffer multiple traumas, and we condemn acts without addressing the core
reasons. We need to erase the stigma around mental illness and educate guys that obtaining
aid, expressing emotions, and seeking therapy is fine. Still, it is vital for the growth of our
According to (Harris 2021), a man does not need to be interested in sports or women
to be a man. To be a man of strength does not exclude the expression of emotion, even tears.
Being a successful man does not need marriage or a position in the corporate hierarchy. One
is not any less of a man because of their sexual preferences or gender identity, just as one’s
work or way of life choices are not any less significant. Many men feel that they must “be
manly” in the conventional sense rather than just being human for society to accept them.
(Johnson 2020). Vulnerability is frequently ignored, discounted, or even combated when it
comes to males.
Men’s mental health will deteriorate if they suppress their emotions, neglect their
sentiments, or disregard their feminine characteristics. Some hypotheses show that toxic
masculinity influences physical health. (Shepperd 2020). Toxic masculinity may deter some
guys from seeking aid for probable health difficulties and other possible complications. For
some men, seeking assistance may feel like ‘less of a man’ and weakness.
The APA Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Boys and Men (2018) state that
the stigma associated with seeking mental health treatment (such as counselling,
psychotherapy, and psychiatric services) harms men’s behaviour in seeking help and that
attachment to masculine social norms has been linked to a lack of social-emotional
competence and poorer mental health in males. (Harris 2021). Many studies have shown that
males of all ages, nations, races and ethnic and racial origins are less likely than women to
seek mental health issues.
Male depression is thought to affect 10-40% of men. (Johnson 2020). However, the
severity of their diseases is often underestimated since men tend to downplay their symptoms
and avoid seeking help for mental health issues. It is very uncommon for men and boys who
are compelled to hold on to these characteristics to suffer from depression, body image
difficulties, poor social function, drug addiction, and anxiety.
Society raises boys like men and trains them to be dispassionate, strong, and secure; it
removes their innocence and sets inappropriate expectations on them. Many studies have
shown that males are more likely than women to engage in binge drinking and other forms of
alcohol misuse. (Harris 2021). They also tend to associate alcohol consumption with
masculinity, putting them at greater risk of developing substance addiction problems.
Particularly among college students, excessive drinking, poor diets, and inactivity have been
associated with the emergence of more severe symptoms of mental health problems, which
may lead to depression. (Johnson 2020). Some of the characteristics of toxic masculinity
include; hypersexual self-presentation, control over women, violence against intimate
partners, and aggressive actions.
Toxic masculinity, according to some, is harmful because it restricts a man’s capacity
for personal development and expansion of his conception of what being a man entails.
(Harris 2021). As a result, the individual and his surroundings may be at odds. When a man
does not satisfy these characteristics, he is subjected to a notion known as gender role
conflict. The tight lens of these exaggerated masculine features might lead a kid or adult man
to believe that the only way to be accepted is to live up to these traits.
Toxic masculinity still has to be addressed. The only way to assist men in realizing
that sentiments don’t devalue them or make them inferior is by teaching that perspective
inside them from a young age. The hazards of toxic masculinity are evident. As a culture, it’s
wise to note that everybody is human and finding positive methods to express emotions is
crucial for all of us, including males.
Harris, B. (2021). Toxic Masculinity: An Exploration of Traditional Masculine Norms in
Relation to Mental Health Outcomes and Help-Seeking Behaviors in College-Aged
Johnson, J. (2020). “What to know about toxic masculinity.” Retrieved from on January,10th 2022.
Shepperd, S.(2020). “The Dangerous Effects of Toxic Masculinity.” Retrieved from
masculinity-5073957 on January,10th 2022.

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