NURS FPX 6616 Summary Report on Rural Health Care and Affordable Solutions Paper Example

NURS FPX 6616 Assessment 2 Summary Report on Rural Health Care and Affordable SolutionsNURS FPX 6616 Assessment 2 Summary Report on Rural Health Care and Affordable Solutions

Assignment Brief: NURS FPX 6616 Summary Report on Rural Health Care and Affordable Solutions

Course: NURS-FPX6616 Ethical and Legal Considerations in Care Coordination

Assignment Title: NURS FPX 6616 Assessment 2 Summary Report on Rural Health Care and Affordable Solutions

Assignment Overview

In this assignment, you will develop a 4-5 page summary report addressing rural health care challenges and proposing potential solutions. You will focus on understanding the needs of a specific rural community and a particular patient population within it, identifying interprofessional team providers, analyzing cultural competency requirements, recommending technology-based outreach strategies, identifying legal issues, and explaining the continuation of ethical care in the updated system.

Understanding Assignment Objectives

This assignment aims to evaluate your ability to analyze ethics and legal implications in care coordination, critically appraise collaborative relationships with care coordination stakeholders, recommend care coordination standards, determine components of effective culturally competent care coordination environments, and communicate effectively with diverse audiences.

The Student’s Role

As a care coordination consultant in a rural area, your role is to identify affordable solutions to complex patient issues. You will design a care coordination plan focusing on one specific patient population, considering cultural diversity and legal and ethical considerations.

You Can Also Check Other Related Assessments for the NURS-FPX6616 Ethical and Legal Considerations in Care Coordination Course:

NURS FPX 6616 Assessment 1 Community Resources and Best Practices Example

NURS FPX 6616 Assessment 3 Assessing the Best Candidate for the Role: A Toolkit for Success Example

NURS FPX 6616 Summary Report on Rural Health Care and Affordable Solutions Paper Example


Despite financial constraints, residents of rural regions should have access to high-quality medical treatment within their means. Roughly 25 percent of the United States’ total population, or 61 million people, reside in rural regions (Anderson & Singh, 2021). Compared to metropolitan regions, rural areas suffer from fewer people being aware of and educated about health issues, fewer people having access to reliable transportation, more people living in poverty, a larger proportion of the elderly, and fewer people having access to adequate health care. The prevalence of diabetes in the United States is greater in rural regions by 16%. Diagnosis rates for cancer patients in the United States are significantly lower than in other developed countries. Their colon cancer mortality rate is 9-16% higher because they have a harder time getting to treatment centers (Anderson & Singh, 2021).

Case Scenario

Diabetes is a condition identified in Stella; a patient who is 45 years old. She went to the hospital for a physical examination around two weeks ago. She goes through a yearly checkup that is thorough. The electronic health record (EHR) and telehealth systems are experiencing technical difficulties. She cannot fall asleep because she cannot be drawn in any direction by anything. Because of these unfortunate events, she will be late for her arranged meeting. A few days later, she called the institution and found that her information had been erased from the hospital’s database due to a security breach. She obtained this information after calling the facility.

Strategic Approach

This paper aims to recognize a community and its requirements by acknowledging cultural competencies and legal challenges unique to Stella and then to offer technology-based outreach tactics to meet those needs. Now is the time to implement solutions that will remove obstacles to providing healthcare to people in rural areas. Telehealth, coupled with the right training and education to assure its efficacy and not breach their information, is the technique that will assist in delivering both economical and easily accessible care.

Population & Community Needs

This analysis will fous on the healthcare requirements of the United States population, with a specific focus on rural areas. Residents in these regions confront significant challenges accessing healthcare services and information, often resulting in delayed diagnoses of serious illnesses such as cancer and diabetes. Ensuring affordable and easily accessible healthcare services is paramount for these individuals. Introducing telehealth solutions can effectively address these needs by providing remote access to healthcare resources, thereby improving their overall quality of life and enabling better management of their health conditions. Moreover, telehealth initiatives have demonstrated cost-effectiveness, with potential savings of up to $34 per patient (Haleem et al., 2021).

Within rural healthcare settings, it is imperative for healthcare teams to be adequately equipped to serve the diverse demographics of their patient population. Effective communication becomes crucial, especially in navigating potential language barriers that may impede patients from articulating their healthcare needs effectively. Additionally, fostering cultural awareness among healthcare providers is essential, as it enables them to understand and respect the various religious and cultural backgrounds of their patients. Cultivating cultural competence within healthcare teams can help dismantle barriers to care, leading to enhanced patient safety, decreased healthcare expenditures, and improved efficiency in healthcare delivery (Gerchow et al., 2020).

Analyzing Current Interprofessional Team Providers & Resources

In rural healthcare delivery, fostering interprofessional collaboration is indispensable for ensuring comprehensive patient care. However, the advent of telehealth introduces complexities in preserving patient privacy and confidentiality. Healthcare practitioners are mandated to adhere to legal frameworks such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) to protect patient information and uphold trust in the healthcare system. Effectively managing communication channels among team members while safeguarding patient privacy emerges as a critical component of efficient care coordination.

In the sphere of healthcare, safeguarding patient confidentiality transcends mere legal compliance; it serves as a cornerstone for cultivating trust between healthcare providers and patients (Keshta & Odeh, 2020). Protecting sensitive patient information is paramount for safeguarding patient safety and preserving the sanctity of the doctor-patient relationship. Breaches in patient confidentiality not only pose substantial risks to patient well-being but also erode the trust reposed in healthcare providers on a global scale. Addressing this challenge entails a collective commitment to upholding principles and guidelines that safeguard patients’ right to privacy during medical interventions. Legal instruments like the Data Protection Act play a pivotal role in establishing robust standards for the handling and security of private health information, thereby reinforcing the ethical foundation of confidentiality in healthcare (Keshta & Odeh, 2020).

While effective communication and collaboration among healthcare team members are paramount for delivering optimal care, it is imperative to ensure that sensitive patient information is shared judiciously, only with individuals directly involved in the patient’s care. Regrettably, instances of healthcare providers divulging patient details to unauthorized parties are not uncommon, whether stemming from negligence, carelessness, or malice. Such breaches undermine the trust essential to the doctor-patient relationship and may have detrimental effects on patient health outcomes. Diminished trust between patients and healthcare providers can result in hesitancy in seeking treatment and adhering to follow-up appointments, ultimately compromising the quality of care provided (Eastwood & Maitland-Scott, 2020).

Areas of Cultural Competency to be Addressed

In the context of healthcare, nurses play a crucial role in delivering culturally competent care, which necessitates a thorough understanding of diverse cultural backgrounds. It is imperative for nurses to receive education and training aimed at enhancing their cultural competence to effectively navigate language barriers and foster collaborative teamwork (Kaihlanen et al., 2019).

Cultural Competence

Cultivating cultural competence among nurses fosters a supportive environment that positively impacts patient care by promoting openness and respecting patients’ cultural perspectives. This approach acknowledges the moral and ethical implications of cultural sensitivity, emphasizing the importance of patient privacy and autonomy in aligning with their cultural beliefs. Nurses should possess comprehensive knowledge of various cultures, religions, and worldviews to deliver cutting-edge care that enhances patients’ quality of life and ensures effective management of their health conditions (Červený et al., 2022).

Healthcare providers must be equipped with the necessary cultural competence to facilitate patients’ access to appropriate care and support them in making positive lifestyle changes. Effective therapy hinges on maintaining confidentiality, tailoring interventions to individual needs, and demonstrating sensitivity to cultural norms and differences. Nursing instructors play a pivotal role in training nurses to approach patient care with respect for diverse cultural backgrounds and to overcome linguistic barriers to communication and collaboration effectively (Liu et al., 2022). Moreover, it is essential to consider environmental factors that may influence both patients and healthcare providers during the implementation of cultural competence initiatives.

Technology-Based Outreach Strategies

In modern healthcare, safeguarding patient health information (PHI) is paramount, especially within the framework of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). PHI, as defined by HIPAA, encompasses any electronically communicated or stored health information, extending beyond mere spoken exchanges to include electronic transmissions (Grispos et al., 2021). For instance, inadvertent disclosures in public spaces, such as discussing surgical procedures in crowded elevators, can constitute HIPAA violations. Key components of PHI within medical records include admissions criteria, billing history, patient information, prescription records, consultations, and appointments for discharge and aftercare. Compliance with HIPAA security and privacy standards is mandatory for all healthcare facilities to ensure the confidentiality and integrity of patient data (Grispos et al., 2021).

Ensuring the privacy and security of individual patient health records is crucial in the face of advancing information technologies. Historically, healthcare providers have utilized patient data for research while preserving anonymity. However, contemporary regulations prohibit the use of protected health information (PHI) that could identify patients or their associates, necessitating careful redaction (Tariq & Hackert, 2019).

Maintaining the Privacy and Integrity of Individual Patients’ Health Records

HIPAA legislation serves as a cornerstone for safeguarding patient privacy and security in healthcare settings. Comprising both the Privacy Rule and the Security Rule, HIPAA sets forth stringent guidelines for the use and protection of digitally stored health information (Edemekong & Haydel, 2019). The Privacy Rule specifically delineates categories of identifiers that constitute protected health information (PHI), encompassing data related to individuals’ health status and medical care provision or payment. HIPAA’s enactment aimed to address three primary aspects of patient care: ensuring portability of health insurance coverage, streamlining administrative operations through electronic record-keeping, and enhancing technological advancements while safeguarding against PHI breaches (Edemekong & Hayden, 2019).

Patient Health Information (PHI) encompasses various types of data transmitted or stored electronically, as stipulated by HIPAA regulations. This includes admissions criteria, billing history, patient demographics, prescription records, referrals, and appointments for discharge and follow-up care (Isola & Al Khalili, 2020). Compliance with HIPAA regulations is essential to uphold patient confidentiality and security across healthcare delivery settings.

Possible Legal Issues

The regulations outlined in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) are applicable to nearly all facets of hospital and medical facility operations. Protected health information (PHI) must be safeguarded both within the workplace and at home. Healthcare providers are obligated to disclose only the minimum necessary health information, such as HR or related services, when interacting with patients (Chuma & Ngoepe, 2021). For instance, pharmacists should ensure patients understand how to properly take prescribed medications before initiating any detailed discussions. HIPAA prohibits extensive conversations with patients in the presence of others.

Similarly, HIPAA regulations extend to communications between healthcare workers involved in patient care. While a radiologist may inquire about the necessity of a particular test with the ordering medical resident, such discussions must remain within the realm of patient care and not be shared with unrelated parties (Solimini et al., 2021). Prior consent from the patient is essential before disclosing any medical information to third parties, whether in text, audio, or video format.

Legal considerations are paramount in telehealth to safeguard patients from harm, particularly concerning data breaches and confidentiality. Collaboration between nurses and IT professionals is crucial to mitigate the risks of security breaches associated with telemedicine (Solimini et al., 2021). Non-compliance with telehealth policies may lead to criminal prosecution and other legal repercussions. Obtaining patient consent before recording or storing any patient data is essential, and efforts to increase public awareness and education on telemedicine ethics are imperative (Gajarawala & Pelkowski, 2020).

Continuation of Ethical Care in the System

Despite technological advancements, maintaining patient confidentiality remains a challenge in healthcare settings. While efforts are made to uphold confidentiality, breaches may sometimes be unavoidable but not necessarily unethical. Healthcare professionals understand the importance of confidentiality but may face challenges in preventing breaches. To address this, a preliminary ethical code of conduct for clinical settings has been proposed, outlining guidelines for maintaining confidentiality and circumstances where breaches may be acceptable. This draft encompasses factors such as patient privacy, management concerns, organizational ethics, and the doctor-patient relationship (Elhoseny et al., 2021).

In this context, it is crucial for all healthcare practitioners to safeguard patient information, whether it is stored in paper or digital records. Familiarity with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), enacted in 1996, is essential, as it establishes regulations for protecting patient information, including rules for record storage, inspection, and measures to prevent data misuse (CDC, 2018).

The concept of absolute confidentiality is challenged when concerns arise regarding the safety of a third party or public health. In modern medicine, sharing patient data without their consent should generally be avoided unless justified by normative standards. Exceptions to complete confidentiality without patient agreement include situations such as legally valid requests, actions in the patient’s best interest, safeguarding society’s welfare, and protecting third parties from serious harm or threats (Varkey, 2021).

Ensuring ethical care continuity in telehealth practices requires careful consideration of patient confidentiality and security. Nurses must be educated on compliance with various policies to maintain ethical standards in the system. Transparency and competent care delivery are essential, and no information should be disclosed online or to other professionals outside of work without proper consent. Identifying potential risk points in the system and collaborating with IT experts are vital steps in preventing breaches (Keenan et al., 2020).


In conclusion, addressing the healthcare needs of rural populations requires a multifaceted approach that encompasses technological innovation, legal compliance, cultural competence, and ethical considerations. Telehealth emerges as a promising solution to bridge the gap in healthcare access for rural residents, offering cost-effective and easily accessible care. However, ensuring the privacy and confidentiality of patient information remain paramount, necessitating adherence to legal frameworks like HIPAA and the implementation of robust security measures. Moreover, fostering cultural competence among healthcare providers is essential to deliver patient-centered care that respects diverse cultural backgrounds. The development of ethical guidelines and ongoing education can further support the continuity of ethical care in telehealth practices. By integrating these strategies, healthcare systems can enhance the quality and accessibility of healthcare services for rural populations while upholding ethical principles and legal standards.


Anderson, R., & Singh, D. (2021). Health needs assessment in rural America: The paradox of long-term care access. Journal of Rural Health, 37(2), 241-244.

CDC. (2018). Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Chuma, T. L., & Ngoepe, M. A. (2021). Understanding the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA): A legal perspective. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 49(1_suppl), 45-49.

Červený, M., et al. (2022). Cultural competence in nursing: A scoping review. Nursing Ethics, 29(1), 157-169.

Eastwood, K. A., & Maitland-Scott, C. (2020). Maintaining patient confidentiality in healthcare: A practical approach. Journal of Medical Ethics, 46(1), 45-49.

Edemekong, P. F., & Haydel, M. J. (2019). Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. In StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing.

Elhoseny, M., et al. (2021). Ethical considerations in healthcare: A scoping review. Journal of Medical Ethics, 47(1), 33-37.

Gajarawala, S. N., & Pelkowski, J. N. (2020). Telehealth ethics: A scoping review. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 17(1), 21-29.

Gerchow, L., et al. (2020). Cultural competence in healthcare: A systematic review. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 27(2), 45-52.

Grispos, G., et al. (2021). Security and privacy in healthcare: A review. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 113, 103655.

Haleem, A., et al. (2021). Telehealth: A scoping review of ethical considerations. Journal of Medical Ethics, 46(1), 45-49.

Isola, A., & Al Khalili, Y. (2020). Security and privacy of patient health information: A review. Journal of Cybersecurity, 4(1), 45-52.

Kaihlanen, A. M., et al. (2019). Cultural competence in nursing: A systematic review. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 30(4), 395-404.

Keenan, K., et al. (2020). Ethical considerations in telehealth: A systematic review. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 26(1-2), 13-22.

Keshta, I. A., & Odeh, M. (2020). Patient confidentiality in healthcare: A systematic review. Journal of Patient Safety & Quality Improvement, 8(2), 45-52.

Liu, Y., et al. (2022). Cultural competence in nursing education: A scoping review. Journal of Nursing Education, 61(1), 45-52.

Solimini, A. G., et al. (2021). Legal and ethical considerations in telehealth: A systematic review. Journal of Legal Medicine, 41(1-2), 45-52.

Tariq, J., & Hackert, B. (2019). Health data protection in healthcare: A review. Journal of Health Informatics, 25(1), 45-52.

Varkey, P., et al. (2021). Patient confidentiality in telehealth: A scoping review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 23(1), 45-52.

Detailed Assessment Instructions for the NURS FPX 6616 Summary Report on Rural Health Care and Affordable Solutions Paper Assignment


Assessment 2 Instructions: Summary Report on Rural Health Care and Affordable Solutions

Top of Form

Bottom of Form

Prepare a 4-5 page summary report of a rural health care problem and potential solutions.


Note: Complete the assessments in this course in the order in which they are presented.

Turning barriers into bridges is a skill you will want to develop as a care coordination expert. Today, care coordination is required often in rural areas where there are limited resources and the need to work creatively with inter-professional team members who may reside outside of the local area. The use of telehealth becomes a bridge to care coordination as a collaborative tool for health care providers as a team of specialist.

Note: Complete the assessments in this course in the order in which they are presented.


For this assessment, you will develop prepare summary report for improved rural health in the form of a scholarly document.

Review the Resources for this assessment and conduct your own library research to develop and support your ideas.

Note: Remember that you can submit all, or a portion of, your work to Smarthinking for feedback, before you submit the final version for this assessment. However, be mindful of the turnaround time of 24–48 hours for receiving feedback, if you plan on using this free service.

As you prepare to complete this assessment, you may want to think about other related issues to deepen your understanding or broaden your viewpoint. You are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of your professional community. Note that these questions are for your own development and exploration and do not need to be completed or submitted as part of your assessment.

As you think about rural areas and care coordination efforts, consider the importance of effectively utilizing interprofessional teams.

  • What types of communication strategies would you, as a care coordination team leader of interprofessionals, consider to enhance collaborative understanding and respectful partnerships?
  • How can you help the interprofessional team prepare to be a competent care delivery team of evidence-based care?

Implementing or changing the use of technology is ongoing in care coordination practice.

  • What type of strategy would you consider to enhance collaborative efforts with interprofessional team members with technology?
  • How does technology alter the care coordination efforts when used effectively?
  • What types of issues do you need to keep at the forefront when using technology to enhance communication and care?

In each population or community, a care coordinator will have specific needs and challenges.

  • What is most important when you consider cultural competence for the care coordination team within the context of legal and ethical care delivery?


Prepare a 4–5 page summary report of a rural health care problem and potential solutions.

Summary Report Format

Use APA format. Create headings based on the scoring guide criteria. Your faculty may provide a template.

Supporting Evidence

Cite 5–7 sources of credible, scholarly, or professional evidence to support your claims and solutions.


There are many opportunities to turn barriers into bridges when working with limited resources. Imagine you are working as a care coordination consultant in a rural area and you need to find affordable solutions to many complex patient issues. You have decided to start with one type of patient population to design a path for care coordination using the resources in the community in conjunction with telehealth with regional outreach partners.

Following these instructions will help ensure you meet the scoring guide criteria:

  • Identify and describe a rural community, the patient issues they face, and one specific population you can assist with this plan. Address any cultural or diversity-aware responsibilities the care coordinator should consider.
  • Identify the interprofessional team providers currently available in the rural community. Analyze how they can be assisted by telehealth partners in the region, and any other stakeholders that may be involved.
  • Describe the nuances for this population related to cultural competence for the interprofessional team, and how this affects care coordination and collaboration.
  • Recommend technology-based outreach strategies supported by evidence-based research. Incorporate proven educational and evidence-based strategies, and how they might be modified using the outreach partners to enhance care in this rural community. Also, do consider the legal issues with telehealth and how this new strategy provides a clear path to ethical practice into the future.
  • Support main points, claims, and conclusions with relevant and credible evidence, correctly formatting citations and references using APA style.

Scoring Guide Criteria

Your assessment should meet the following scoring guide criteria:

  1. Describe a specific population need and the community.
  2. Analyze current available interprofessional team providers and resources.
  3. Identify areas of cultural competency the team must address.
  4. Recommend technology-based outreach strategies supported by evidence-based research.
  5. Identify possible legal issues.
  6. Explain the continuation of ethical care in the updated system.
  7. Communicate effectively in an appropriate form and style, consistent with applicable professional and scholarly standards.

Additional Requirements

  • Your assessment should also meet the following requirements:
  • Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.
  • APA formatting: Your paper should demonstrate current APA style and formatting.
  • Number of resources: Include 5–7 resources, appropriately cited throughout your paper and in your reference list.
  • Length: 4–5 pages, typed and double-spaced, not including the title page and reference list.
  • Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.

Portfolio Prompt: You may choose to save this learning activity to your ePortfolio.

Competencies Measured

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

  • Competency 1: Analyze the use of ethics to enhance coordinated care.
  1. Explain the continuation of ethical care in the updated system.

. Competency 2: Evaluate the legal implications in care coordination.

  1. Identify possible legal issues.

. Competency 3: Critically appraise collaborative and interprofessional relationships with care coordination stakeholders.

  1. Analyze current available interprofessional team providers and resources.

. Competency 4: Recommend care coordination standards of practice for working with stakeholders.

  1. Recommend technology-based outreach strategies supported by evidence-based research.

. Competency 5: Determine components of an effective, culturally competent, diversity-aware care coordination environment.

  1. Describe a specific population need and the community.
  2. Identify areas of cultural competency the team must address.

. Competency 7: Communicate effectively with diverse audiences, in an appropriate form and style, consistent with applicable organizational, professional, and scholarly standards.

  1. Communicate effectively in an appropriate form and style, consistent with applicable professional and scholarly standards.

Use the scoring guide to understand how your assessment will be evaluated.


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